Fine Fescue (Turf)

Chewings FescueCreeping Red FescueHard Fescue

Chewings Fescue:

Uses

Chewings fescue can be used in home lawns, recreation areas and golf course rough areas. It is primarily used in low maintenance, shaded and natural areas. Chewings fescue can be grown alone or in combination with turfgrasses and is typically a component of shade mixes. The most commonly used turfgrasses in mixtures with chewings fescue are hard fescue, creeping red fescue, tall fescue, perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass.

Description

Chewings fescue, Festuca rubra L. ssp. commutata Guad, is a cool season, bunch-type, fine fescue turfgrass. Having low fertility and maintenance requirements, chewings fescue will tolerate a wide range of soil pH. Characteristics include very good shade and drought tolerance with a fair tolerance to traffic. Chewings fescue is very similar to creeping red fescue but does not have rhizome development.

Adaptation

Chewings fescue is adapted from Canada south through the transition zone of the United States.

Establishment

  • Adjust soil pH to 5.0-6.5 (for optimum performance and persistence)
  • Use herbicides if necessary. Follow label directions and precautions.
  • Soil type: Low-medium fertility, well-drained soils
  • Fertilizer: Refer to soil test, responds well to N
  • Seed bed:  Prepare a fine, granular and firm seed bed to ensure good seed to soil contact
  • Seeding rate:
    New Lawn: 4-5 lbs./ 1000 square feet
    Overseeding Existing Lawn: 2-3 lbs./ 1000 square feet
  • Seeding dates: Spring or early fall
  • Seeding depth: ½ – ¼ inch

Management

  • Mowing height: 1.5-2.5 inches
  • Fertility: 1-2 lbs. N & K /1000 square feet/year
  • Irrigation: Irrigation may be necessary for survival during periods of extended drought
  • Weed control: Apply pre and post emergent herbicides at labeled rates for weed control
  • Disease control: Apply fungicides at labeled rates to control disease
  • Insect control: Apply insecticides at labeled rates to control insects

Creeping Red Fescue:

Uses

Creeping red fescue can be used in home lawns, recreation areas and golf courses. It is primarily used in low maintenance, shaded and natural areas. Grown alone or in combination with other turfgrasses, creeping red fescue is typically a component of shade mixes. The most commonly used turfgrasses in mixes with creeping red fescue are hard fescue, chewings fescue, tall fescue, perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass.

Description

Creeping red fescue, Festuca rubra L., is a cool season, fine fescue turfgrass with a tillering, rhizome spreading type root structure. Having low fertility and maintenance requirements, creeping red fescue will tolerate a wide range of soil pH. Characteristics include very good drought tolerance, shade tolerance and fair tolerance to traffic.

Adaptation:

Creeping red fescue is adapted from Canada south through the transition zone of the United States.

Establishment

  • Adjust soil pH to 5.0-6.5 (for optimum performance and persistence)
  • Use herbicides if necessary. Follow label directions and precautions.
  • Soil type: low-medium fertility, well-drained soils
  • Fertilizer: refer to soil test, responds well to N
  • Seed bed: Prepare a fine, granular and firm seed bed to ensure good seed to soil contact
  • Seeding rate:
    New Lawn: 4-5 lbs./1000 square feet
    Overseeding Existing Lawn: 2-3 lbs./1000 square feet
  • Seeding dates: Spring or early fall
  • Seeding depth: ¼- ½ inch

Management

  • Mowing height: 1.5-2.5 inches
  • Fertility: 1-2 lbs. N & K / 1000 square feet/year
  • Irrigation: Irrigation may be necessary for survival during periods of extended drought
  • Weed control: Apply pre and post emergent herbicides at labeled rates to control weeds
  • Disease control: Apply fungicides at labeled rates to control disease
  • Insect control: Apply insecticides at labeled rates to control insects

Hard Fescue:

Uses

Hard fescue can be used in home lawns, recreation areas and in golf course rough areas. It is primarily used in low maintenance, shaded and natural areas. Hard fescue can be grown alone or in combination with other turfgrasses and is typically a component of shade mixtures. The most commonly used turfgrasses in mixes with hard fescue are creeping red fescue, chewings fescue, perennial ryegrass, tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass.

Description

Hard fescue, Festuca longifolia Thuill., is a cool season, fine fescue turfgrass that is a noncreeping, bunch-type grass. Having low fertility and maintenance requirements, hard fescue will tolerate a large range of soil pH. Characteristics include very good shade and drought tolerance and the ability to grow in a variety of soil moistures.

Adaptation

Hard fescue is adapted from Canada south through the transition zone of the United States.

Establishment

  • Adjust soil pH to 5.0-6.5 (for optimum performance and persistence)
  • Use herbicides if necessary. Follow label directions and precautions
  • Soil type: Low-medium fertility, well drained soils
  • Fertilizer: Refer to soil test, responds well to N
  • Seed bed: Prepare a fine, granular and firm seed bed to ensure good seed to soil contact
  • Seeding rate:
    New Lawn: 4-5 lbs./1000 square feet
    Overseeding Existing Lawn: 2-3 lbs./1000 square feet
  • Seeding dates: Spring or early fall
  • Seeding depth: ½- ¼ inch

Management

  • Mowing height: 1.5- 2.5 inches
  • Fertility: 1-2 lbs. N & K/1000 square feet/year
  • Irrigation: Irrigation may be necessary for survival during periods of extended drought
  • Weed control: Apply pre and post emergent herbicides at labeled rates to control weeds
  • Disease control : Apply fungicides at labeled rates to control disease
  • Insect control: Apply insecticides at labeled rates to control insects