CSG Straight Products

Eco-Till RadishFria Annual RyegrassPurple Bounty Hairy Vetch
  • Superior, deep penetrating taproot
  • Reduces soil compaction
  • Builds organic matter
  • Improves nutrient recycling
  • Excellent weed suppression
  • Enhances soil tilth

Eco-Till Radish is a new Daikon type forage radish variety specifically developed for fall/winter cover crop applications. These radishes offer impressive benefits to the soil and the environment including the reduction of soil compaction, improved nutrient recycling, increased organic matter, enhancement of soil tilth and suppression of weeds, to name a few.

A superior, deep penetrating taproot is one characteristic that separates Eco-Till radishes from the competition. The thin, lower portion of the taproot can grow to a depth of six feet or more while the thick upper portion of the taproot can grow to a length of 24 inches. This taproot creates vertical holes in the soil profile that breaks up soil compaction and improves soil tilth. This process, known as “bio-drilling”, improves water infiltration, aeration and fertilizer efficiency for succeeding crops. Equally important is the ability of these radishes to take up nutrients from the soil profile to be stored in the tissues near the soil surface and make them readily available for use by the following crop.


Planting Rate:Conventional or No-Till Drill: 8-10 lbs/Acre. Broadcast: 12-15 lbs/Acre (broadcast seed needs a light disking or rolling with a corrugated roller to ensure proper seed to soil contact).
Planting Date:North of Interstate 80- Late July to August 15. Between Interstate 40 & Interstate 80 – Late July to September 15.
Seeding Depth:1/4 – 1/2 inch (can be planted up to 1″ if soil conditions are dry)
Germination:3-7 days (with proper soil temperatures and moisture)
Fertility:Apply as directed by soil test. Nitrogen deficiency will limit overall growth, the ability to compete with weeds and root penetration through compacted soils.
Soil pH6.5 – 7.0 (for optimum performance)


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  • Superior cold tolerance High forage yield
  • Excellent for overseeding
  • Ideal cover crop
  • Great disease resistance
  • Excellent palatability

Fria annual ryegrass not only delivers outstanding yields in the south and north, but has exceptional cold tolerance that helps in fall establishment and winter survival throughout the transition zone and further north. Developed by Dr. Gordon Prine at the University of Florida for cold tolerance, improved crown rust resistance and resistance to gray and helminthosporium leaf spot; Fria is a late maturing diploid variety.

For forage production, Fria is typically seeded into dormant warm season grass pastures or after wheat and corn silage harvest to provide grazing, hay, haylage or greenchop through the winter and spring. Planting dates are from August to November depending on the region.

Recommended seeding rates are 20-25 pounds per acre drilled early (August-early September), 25-30 pounds per acre drilled later (late September-November) or 25-35 pounds per acre broadcast. Fria provides consistent high quality forage production and excellent grazing under proper management. For hay or haylage, cut when the plant is between the boot and early head stage for optimum yield and quality. For grazing and green chop, start when Fria is 8 to 10 inches tall. Do not graze or greenchop lower than 3 inches.

As a cover crop, Fria can break up natural and manmade hardpans with its deep root penetration when planted in a continuous no-till rotation. Up to 30-90 pounds of nitrogen per acre can be provided for the following crop by recycling the nitrogen in the soil under no-till farming management as long as it is not harvested or grazed. The ability to capture and keep nitrogen and phosphorus in the soil profile after manure applications, preventing nutrient runoff is another big plus. Fria can also greatly reduce soil erosion, especially when planted after corn. Other benefits include reducing soybean cyst nematode populations and potential increased corn and soybean yields due to improved soil characteristics.

  • Ranked 5 out of 26 – 2005-2006 two year average at Sand Mountain Research & Extension Center, Crossville, Alabama
  • Ranked #14 out of 40 (no significant difference in yield from top variety) – 2005-2006 Mississippi State University Trial Starkville, Mississippi
  • Ranked #2 out of 17 – 2009-2010 University of Tennessee Trial at Greeneville Research & Education Center, Greeneville, Tennessee
  • Ranked #11 out of 17 (no significant difference in yield from top variety) – 2009-2010 University of Tennessee Trial at East Tennessee Research & Education Center, Knoxville, Tennessee
  • Ranked #1 out of 10 – 2009 University of Wisconsin Trial at Spooner Agricultural Research Station, Spooner, Wisconsin
  • Ranked #14 out of 34 (no significant difference in yield from top variety) – 2005-2006 University of Nebraska Trial Scottsbluff, Nebraska

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  • Ability to fix large quantities of nitrogen
  • Excellent cover crop which produces high biomass
  • Winterhardy
  • Provides a weed suppressing mulch for no-till corn and other crops
  • Flowers two weeks earlier than common hairy vetch

Purple Bounty is a new winterhardy, early maturing hairy vetch variety developed for high nitrogen fixation (up to ½ of a subsequent crop’s nitrogen), increased biomass for a thicker mulch and earlier flowering for more flexibility in planting succeeding crops. Vetch forms ground cover slowly in the fall, but root development continues through the winter with substantial growth in the spring. For maximum results, Purple Bounty should be in full bloom to allow for peak nitrogen contribution and to mow, roll or spray for maximum vetch kill. Spring oats or winter grains can also be planted with Purple Bounty to act as a protective cover for improved winter survival and increased erosion control.

Planting Suggestions:

  • Planting rate: 20-25 pounds per acre, broadcast or drilled
  • Planting depth: 1 inch
  • Planting dates: August – October depending on location
  • Soil pH: 6.0 – 7.0 for optimum results
  • Drought tolerance: Good

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